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SAKHMING KHAWVEL AH BUOINA DING A UM AM? – II

Friday, February 28, 2020

/ Posted by Simon L Infimate
~ V L Renga Hriler

(Lalsandam / Lalsandam Hmar / Lalsandam Zote / Lalsandam Neitham / Lalsandam Hmar Zote Neitham)

Ei thusep hmasa lem a khan Hmarhai hin Sâp hming ei uor tak zie le incheina hmangruo ang el a ei hmang tâk  thu ei hril a. Chun, tienlai a hming phuok tu dingin uluktaka an khawvel pal le inhmepei an phuok hlak hun le ringtu ei ni hnunga Pathien kuomah hming ding ngênna tawngtaina an nei hlak ei khel a, tu hin chu ngaituona hmang lem lova khawlâi lêng malam a hming phuok mei mei ei uor tak zie thu ei hril ta bawk. Kum 1970 lâi chen khan chu Hmar nauhai Sap hming nei hi kutpâr a thliek khawp chau la ning ei tih. Chuonghai khawm chu Sâp hming ni chie lo Bible a hminghai an ni deu tak. Kum 1980-90 tung khan tuipui râl hming ei hung uor ṭan a, tu ruok hin chu uor chau ni ta lovin lo thei lo ang deuva ngâi a ni tah. Ţhenkhat lem chu Sâp sûngkuo ang el a Sâp hming vawng nei a Sap hming a in ko khawm ei um nuol tah. North East a chu Sâp hming hi Khasi-haiin an uor taka hriet a nih a, chun Hmar-in ei dawt niin an lang. Hnam  ṭhenkhat ruok chun an uor bêk bêk hran nawh.

Tu ta ṭum chu Sâp hming khêl tieng a ei hming ziek dan hi hei thlîr nâwk ei tih. Ţhenkhat chun hming chau an ziek a, mi ṭhenkhatin an hming zovah hnam hming an bel a, a ṭhenin pahnam hming amani, pahnam kaupeng hming an bel hlak. Entirna dingin Lalsandam, Lalsandam Hmar, Lalsandam Zote, Lalsandam Neitham tiin. Thenkhat  nawk thung chun hnam hming hawrawp bul chau an sie thung – K Lalsandam (Khawbung Lalsandam).

Hming hi mani nuom dân le ṭha ti dana ziek a ni tlangpui a. Amiruokchu, mi hming ziek dan sawisêl amani, chuong chun khâng khan ziek lem in la ti a ngaidân hril khawm ei tam hle. Chun, tulai internet khawvela pahnam hming inlek deu deuva ziek khawm ei pung hrât hle a nih. Hming ei ziek dânhai le a ṭhatna, a buoithlakna ei hriet ang ang hei suizau met ei tih.

1. Lalsandam:Hnam or pahnam hming ṭhangsa lova hming tak chau ziek. Zo hnâthlâk lai chu hieng ang hming hi Mizoram le Chin tieng khin an uor hle. Hieng ang hming hi a tluongtlam a, a ṭhatna tamtak a um lai zingin nupa (couples) a official function a ṭhang chang hin nuhmeihai hi an pasalhai hmingin chibai an bûk hlak. Ei hril umzie chu Lalsandam a nuhmei a hming chu Lalthangmawi lo ni sien, official function-a an nupaa an ṭhang chun thuhriltu amani, inhmelhriettirtu khan Mrs Lalthangmawi ti lovin Mrs Lalsandam an ti lem hlak a nih. Mrs Lalsandam tia pasalhai hming tluona chibai bûk hi a fûk zo zân naw a, Lasandam Hmar or Biete a ziek sa ruok chun Mrs Hmar or Mrs Biete tiin chibai an buk ding a nih. Hi hi zenpa tak a ni hrim a nih. Chun, khuo khata Lalsandam pahni pathum an um pha, pa hming amani, house number le inchikna dang hmanga zawngsuok a ngai hlak.

2. Lalsandam Hmar:  Hi hming ziek dan hi tulai ṭhangthar hin an uor a, chun, hmun dang danga ngaidân hril nikhuo vêl ah mi tamtak ṭha ti dân khawm niin an lang. ‘Hmar in ti ta phawt chun ei hming tawp ah HMAR ti ziek seng ei tiu, chuongchun, ei hnam hi ei ṭhahnem ve zie hnam danghaiin an mi hriet ding a nih’ tia ngâidân nei pawl khawm ei um. Hi hming ziek dan style hi Zo hnâthlâk lai chu Hmar, Gangte le Ralte  hin ei uor deuva, unau Paite, Kuki, Vaiphei, Simte le Kom lai hmu ding an um pheu pheu. Mizo amani, Lushei ti ziek chu hmu ding an vang hle thung. Chuong ang bawkin Naga lai hin Naga tia ziek hmu ding an um meu nawh. Vai ram Rajasthan a ei ST chanpui Meena-hai ruok chun an hming tawpah Meena tiin an ziek vawng thung a nih. Ka sin thawna le inzawma ka tawn hriet chu Ram Kumar Meena ti hming put, an Pahai hming khawm in ang char hi hmu ding tamtak an um leiin date of birth a thlir hran an ngâi hlak a nih. Chuong ang bawkin Hmar khawm  ei tam pha chu hieng ang harsatna hi tuok ve thei ei nih.

3. Lalsandam Zote: Hming tawpa pahnam hming ziek hi Hmar chau ni lo hnam tin deu thawin ei uor ti in la in khêl dingin ring a um naw. Mi ṭhenkhat, hnam hming le pahnam hming ziek kawp khawm an um tho. Entirna dingin Mizoram Book of the Year 2018 top 3 a thlangsuok ”Chum Chi Leng” ziektu Zoremi Hmar Zote, chun, a lamtâwi a ziek HK Bawichhuaka (Hmar Khawbung Bawihchhuaka), HT Sangliana (Hmar Tlawmte Sangliana) le mi dang tamtak an um. Hieng ang a hmingziek hi khuol rama inzin châng lâibung inzawng suokna ding a ṭha êm êm a, chuong ang bawkin, ei pahnam chanpuihai chu ei ngâina bîk deu hlek hlak hrim a nih. Hi lei hin siet ṭhat a inṭhangpui tawn dingin Hmar pahnam tin deu thaw hin khuo tinah lâibung committee an indin deu fur ta hrim a nih. Hi thil hin pahnam inlâk bingna le pahnam  dang dang karah inruolsiekna ṭha lo tamtak an tlun a, pahnam ṭhenkhat laibung nei mumal lo amani, Hmar kara hnam dang lo khawsa vehai ta dingin hrilhaina tamtak an tlun hlak a nih tiin tamtakin ngaidân an nei.

4. Lalsandam Neitham: Hi hming ziek dan style hi Hmar nauhai hin ei uor hle a, hnam danghai ruok hin chu an uor bêk bêk nawh niin an lang. Hming tawpah pahnam kaupeng belsap hi mi tamtak chun ‘a sâwr chîn thlâk taluo tah’ an ti rawp hlak. ‘Pahnam kaupeng hming mak deu deu, ei hriet ngâi khawm ni lo an ziek vet hi ṭul ka ti nawh’ ti pawl khawm ei um nuol a nih.Hieng ang ngaidân neihai thlîrna tukver a inthawk chun andik thaw khat hle. Nisienlakhawm, Hmar hnam histawri hi sinsiena (material evidence) hmanga chieng taka sui thei hi kum 150 bâk niin an lang nawh. Tienatlanga ei history neisun, zieka sinsie ni lo, baua inhrilsawng chu ‘Hla Ro’ le ‘Pahnam le pahnam kaupeng hminghai’ hi a nih. Pahnam le pahnam kaupeng hminghai hi umzie nei tak tak, ṭubul ropuitak tak nei an nia, hnam histawri suina dinga hnâr pawimawi êm êm an ni bawk. Entirna dingin Hmar Lungṭau pahnam ṭhenkhat Lungbo (Kawl phai ni dinga ring) a inthawk Neidon ah an inpem a, hi taka an um lai hin ‘bil’ an kam hlak a, chutaka chun sakei dum a del hlak leiin chu tlanga um Lungtau pahnam po chu Keivawm tiin an hung ko tah a nih. Chuong ang bawkin, Hmar Zote Neitham hung suok dân chu hieng hin an hril. Suontakhai farnu chu Sierielin nau ân pâitîr a, a nau a hung pieng chun Suontakpa chun Sieriel chu nau hming sak dingin ân cha a. Sieriel chu lawm êm êmin siel a kei a, puonpuok ding puonthle le an be tir ding ţhifâng pahnih chawi in ân thawk tah a. Suontakpa khuo a tlung tawmin Suontakpa khuoa nupui pakhat bâl chovin ‘Ieng dinga i khata hung am i na? Kan khuohaiin, a hung pha leh lo vuo zêk ei tih’ an ti che a ni kha’ tiin a lo hlêm a, Sieriel chun taktak a sawn a, a Siel kei chu a thlung a, a puon chawi chu a kiah a zêl a, a ţhifang chu a siel ân be tirh a, a khuo tieng a kirsan nawk tah a. A nakie chun, Suontakpa chun Sieriel chu ân cha nawk a. Sieriel chun a ruolhai fielin a fe hmasaka a chawi ang bawk kha chawiin a fe nawk tah a. A siel kei hmasaka a thlungna hmun a va tlung chun a Siel chu a ruhai chauh a lo um tah a, a lo ţawl bawrh e! ta leiin chu hmun chu “Chaltawlmuol” an bûk a. A naute a va hmu chun Suantakpa kuomah, “ Ka nei popo ka sukthâmna a ni leiin a hming chu “Neitham ni rawh se” a ta, chutaka inthawk chun Neitham a hung put a nih.
Pahnam kaupenghai hi lekhabua ziek ei tiem el chau hin chu hriet zing antak a, kaupeng hming danglam le maktak tak ei zieklanghai  hin hnam histawri ropuitak tak a thedar zing a nih.

5. Nuhmei hming:’ Nuhmeiin hnam an nei nawh’ an lo ti hlak. Muslim ṭhenkhat lem chun ‘nuhmeiin thlarau an nei nawh’ ti hiel khawpin an siehnuoi a nih. Ei ni Hmar nauhai ruok chu ei pi le puhai a inthawk ei ro inthlasâwng laia pawimawtak pakhat chu nuhmei le pasal inthlier hrangna (gender bias) a um naw hi a nih. Nuhmeiin hnam an nei a, sienkhawm pasal an neipha an pasalhai hnam an inṭawmpui nâwk el a nih. Tulai internet facebook khawvel a ruok hin chu an piengna pahnam le an pasalhai pahnam an hung keikawp zat a, hnam pahni nei an ni zie thiem takin an hung tarlang ta thung. Entirna dingin Lalhmelṭha Khawbung Ţaite.

Hming hi mani ṭha ti dan senga ei ziek a ni a, tluongtlam deua ziek amani, hnam, pahnam, pahnam kaupeng hming ziek a hin buoi nawm ei niu a, ei ṭobul le inhme lo tuipui râl hming ei inbûk uor bêk bêk ta hi nakie hnunga ei hnam nina (identity) pakhat vûi liem theina thil a ni leiin ei ngâimaw seng a ṭul ta takzet. Chuleiin, Hmar hming a ni sûng chu mi sakhminga buoi nawm ei niu.
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